Ideal duration: 2 – 3 days Major Airports: Jaipur International Airport Best time: October to March (Read More)
The historic aura and mesmerizing pages of our history books are painted in the royal reigns and the royal patronage of the ruling kingdoms belonging to this vibrant and colourful state of Rajasthan. The most glorious and acclaimed reign in the antiquities of our country is daunted by this bewitching and compelling beauty of Rajasthan. The marvellous and magnificent city, Jaipur which is also the capital of the historical and traditional state of Rajasthan is the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan in Northern India. Jaipur is finely decorated with bright brimming colours, mesmerizing, grandiose and enchanting forts and the all lively and soothing lifestyle.
Also known as the Pink City; a title it earned during early times due to the gorgeous and the glittering Hawa Mahal, the place has a strong allure intermingled with the essence of it. The city is a popular amongst tourists who wish to seek a course in the rich architecture and the mastered engineering around the place. Adding on to its beauty the fascinating capital of the country Delhi, and the romantic abode of the luring city Agra; these three cities combine to make up the Golden Triangle to the tourist circle. The place canvasses itself to be the reigning home of the historic state of Rajasthan and offers you with the rich effervescence of the architectural marvels and the rich heritage . Each place in the city has its own story ranging from the bewitching and captivating beauty of the Hawa Mahal to the marvelous grandeur of the City Palace.
The most tangled vibes of the place don’t only include travelling thrills, the vibrant markets are being a complete blend of beautiful handicrafts, exquisite jewellery and dazzling artefacts all of which are unique to this brilliant city. Jaipur is now renowned as a entire high tech region with all those rounds of modernization and urbanization stages getting apace with it, the standard illustration of it can be seen by the many sophisticated dinings, and the flourishing and swanky malls and the renowned prestigious educational institutions.
Everything in the city is going to compel you into mindfulness and enthralling time of your life. An awe-inspiring culture mingled with its roots all of which is reflected by the inhabitants wearing colourful traditional attires to the traditional Rajasthani cuisine and the graciousness and welcoming nature of the locals, all are going to lure you into spending some good days into the rich aura and ambience of the city. The tagline ‘Padharo Mahare Desh’ is correctly and aptly followed and the tourists are treated with utmost respect and love.
The most exciting and fascinating thing about the city is the grand history it has. According to legends, it is said to be founded by Kachwaha Rajput, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the year of 1727. He was known to be a great admirer of astronomy and was himself a great warrior; he started his reign from the tender age of 11 after the death of his father, the king, Maharaja Bishan Singh.
The reason why the Kachwaha Rajput clan dissolved was that of the rivalry with the Sisodia Rajputs that led them to ally with the Mughals and overthrow them. The mighty Kachhawaha used to rule from the grand Amber Fort during past years managing their kingdoms of Mewar and Marwar. After Jai Singh came to power, he shifted his capital from Amber to Jaipur after he reinstated his rule from his brother Vijay Singh by fighting fiercely with the Mughals and establishing his reign.
The kingdom since then prospered and even expanded its borders. Jai Singh built the city around Amber Fort and was hence named Jaipur after his name.
The rich architecture and the amiable engineering was undergone by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, the chief architect from Bengal who after granting the permission from Jai Singh founded the city based on scientific principles and laid its stones according to the Shilpa Shastra; the ancient architectural manual. A number of gates and huge forts were added to the city for security. Following this, the city remains one of the best-planned cities of the country.
Jaipur earned its title of Pink City, in 1878 when city welcomed the Prince of Wales and the entirely get painted in pink colour. Since then it is referred to as Pink City.
Gradually Jaipur has become an epitome of prosperity during the 19th century which led to the city experiencing rapid growth and renovation. The city due to its rich heritage and culture was declared as a princely state under the British Raj, and after India gained independence, it acceded to the Union of India in 1949 and was also named as the capital of Rajasthan.
Culture of Jaipur
The culture of this vibrant city is all favored with its rich history which is very well reflected in its cuisine traditions, art and architecture of the city. The majestic architecture is all pleasing with the splendid monuments and huge forts and a complete blend of the Rajput and Mughal skills and styles and is one of their kinds. This extravagant splendor of the city dates back to its ruling days where rulers of the city used to hire craftsman and artists from around the globe, who gave their immense contribution to the grandiose of the city and eventually settled here continuing and framing its legacy.
Some of the famous arts found and extended from the city are Badhani, Block printing, Takashi, Meenakari, Stone carving, Sculpture, Blue pottery, Ivory carving, Shellac work, Leatherwear, Jewellery, Gems and Kundan. Other than this, the city is famed for its traditional tastes in dance and is famous for Ghoomar, Kathak dance and Tamasha dance form; a dance with puppets or Kathputli. The city is a perfect amalgamation of ancient and royal heritage along with modernization with effects of urban lifestyle.
Local Food of Jaipur
The rich taste of the city is an illustration of the authenticity and the ancient heritage and culture of grand Rajasthan and offers you many delicious mouth-watering food and cuisines that are going to revive your taste buds.
So whenever, you’re in Jaipur, try some mouth blastingDal Bati Churma as your visit is incomplete without getting yourself indulged intro this dish. Made of three separate foods, it is the most popular food in the city. Pyaaz ki Kachori originated in Jodhpur but is easily available throughout the city.
Ker Sangri consists of vegetables grown in an extremely hot condition of Rajasthan prepared with all the hot spices. Gatte ki Sabziis another savoury made with gram flour dumplings and simmered in a yoghurt curry. A sweet tooth can enthral themselves exotic desserts likeMawa Kachori, Gajak and Ghevar.Ghevaris a traditional dessert prepared with the Teej Festival available in different varieties like plain, mawa and malai ghevar.
Best Time to Visit
The most soothing and tolerable seasons to visit the place is that of autumn and winter. The months comprising of October to March are the most recommended months to visit in the city. December to February is the peak months of winter, and everything in the town is covered in fog. The weather is delightful, and the temperatures are low varying from 21 degree Celsius to 8 degree Celsius. The day during these months are sunny and bearable but the nights get chilly and cold. So always carry a jacket with you.
How to Reach
Owing to thousands of tourists who frolic around the city due to its architectural marvels and its grand forts and the spiritual essence, the city has all-mode transportation readily available to facilitate tourist.
By Air– Jaipur has its own international airport called as the Jaipur International Airport in Sanganer located just 13 km from the heart of the city. It receives both domestic flights from metropolitan cities like New Delhi, Bangalore, Kolkata, Mumbai etc. and international flights from Dubai, Abu Dhabi and Muscat.
By Rail– Jaipur Junction Railway Station is the central station and the headquarters of the northwestern zone of the Indian Railways. It is well connected to other cities in the country.
By Road– To travel inside the city, you can either go by metro or take a local bus from a local bus stand also. Not only this, but you can also hire private cabs or taxis and reach your destination too.
FESTIVALS AND FAIRS
The bewitching beauty of the Pink city and the capital of the royal state of Rajasthan is all a mingled painting of different colours and textures forming complete beautiful scenery. The city has a vibrant and rich set of festivals and fairs to be celebrated owing to the royal ancestry it has inherited from the erstwhile rulers and ruling kingdoms.
The city celebrates all the national festivals like Holi and Diwali. The major festivals around the town include theElephant Festivalwhere all the elephants, a symbol of royal lineage and roots are decorated with paints, jewellery, saddle cloths, anklets and other such bright embellishments.
TheKite Festivalis a significant celebration of Makar Sankranti enlisting a grand celebration with all the colourful kites flying high in the blue skies. The two major festivals celebrated by women is theGangaur Festival and theTeej Festival. Both these festivals speak of decoration and empowering women by putting Mehendi, best apparels and sparkling jewellery.
Other than this, one most significant affair of the city is the Jaipur Literature Festival which celebrates literature and poetry in its most exquisite and pure form. Some eminent and prominent personalities from around the country and the world are invited here, and they then educate the youth in their reigning spheres. It is generally organized for 2-3 days and marks the city with beautiful decoration and peak consortium.
SHOPPING AT JAIPUR
The arcade of Jaipur is not only known for its unique artistry and history but vibrant markets and shopping thrills all reflecting the ancestry and culture along with the augustness of Rajasthan. Standing firm with this explanation is the dynamic markets and shopping stalls of the city. The most luring experience is the street shopping in Jaipur.
The city is blessed with innumerable markets like the Johari Bazaar, Tripole Bazaar, Chandpole Bazar, Kishan pole Bazar, Nehru Bazaar, Sireh Deori Bazaar, Mirza Ismail Road (MI Road) Bazaarand theBapu Bazaar. All of these local marts are famous for specific souvenirs all contemplating the Rajasthani culture and grandiose. For shopaholics, it’s like a shopping paradise for them. There is a particular uniqueness and traditional essence in every market which will surely leave you smitten in no time.
Things that you can buy include jewellery with gemstones, handmade necklaces, lac jewellery with exquisite designs, marble sculptures in a variety of hues and designs, wooden carvings and souvenirs, handmade footwear called jootis, beautiful camel leather products, colourful pots and wooden souvenirs and the best quality Jaipur textile goods.
All these markets of Jaipur make it a cultural capital of the state to increase your relishing experience of this majestic city. You can surely take back your memoirs from the town and gift some souvenirs to your loved ones also.
What you will like
People of Jaipur always make you feel at ease and home whether you are visiting a monument or eating across the streets. It feels like a treat for architectural and historical fanatics; there are places for religious souls also with grand and spiritual temples all seeking a divine aura around them. The area is a must visit for shopaholics because there are so many local markets to shop from. For people who want to satiate their taste buds, there are some local treats which are going to engross you in the rich aroma and taste of your meal. The place is a completed combination for every traveller.
What you might not like
There is hardly anything that is going to upset you with the city but tries never visiting the city from April to September as the city receives scorching heat due to its proximity to the Thar Desert. Summers are tough to bear and should be avoided at any cost. Other than that, the city has many narrow alleys and so traffic is a common problem. So that might irritate you for some time.
Planning your days well in advance will surely keep you in pace with all the extravaganza of the city. If you’re planning to stay in the city for 3 days here is a plan you can follow:
Day 1- Your travel destinations for this day should include Hawa Mahal, Jaipur City Palace, Jantar Mantar and Jal Mahal. Like seeking some historical glimpses should not be your only thought or plan, but it should include some space for shopping also. Frolic across the vibrant and busy markets of the city like Bapu Bazaar, Badi Chopad and shop for some good antiques and artifacts for your loved ones. After this, treat yourself with a grand thali at the Sindhi Camp bus stand and call it a day.
Day 2-This should include destinations like Birla Temple, Rambagh Palace and Elefantastic. Birla Temple will give you religious and spiritual essence and will relax you for your next destination. El fantastico will naturally calm your spirits and reenergize with love and care for wildlife. The elephant safari will provide you with a total thrill. Rambagh Palace should make you awe- aspire with the devouring beauty and the magnificence of the royal rule during those times. Enjoy the night hours of the palace and get some good pictures for yourself. End your day with a delicious meal at the Kanha Sweets and the Bombay Mishthan Bhandar.
Day 3- Enroll yourself into a mouthwatering meal at the Rawat Mishthan Bhandar. Head for Amber Fort, Jaigarh Fort and Nahargarh Fort. Now remember that it requires a lot of walking, but the splendid view will totally relax you. End your day with a relishing authentic cuisine at Shri Balaji Veg Restaurant.
Other important information about Jaipur
RELIGION AND LANGUAGE: The official language of the city is Hindi. However, sticking to its roots, you might find people speaking in their local Rajasthani language which is their native tongue. These may include Dhundhari and Marwari spoken in the state. As the city is highly modernized, English is also widely spoken everywhere. The religion mostly followed in the city is Hinduism however, the city is a perfect blend of other religions too.